With the rapid development of power grid, its limitations are increasingly exposed. The development of smart grids has been put on the agenda. The research purpose of this project is to give a comprehensive overview of smart power grid and design a simple basic architecture of smart power grid, so as to help people better understand smart grids. The project will use literature research to analyse the characteristics and requirements of each smart grid component, such as transmission, distribution and conversion.
Communication, automation, and data manipulation are explored to obtain research conclusions. Thus, the status quo of smart grid technology and the development trend of smart grid are analysed. The problems facing development focus on the economic cost and Internet security environment. The project designs a simple smart grid, which can give a more intuitive understanding, so as to summarize the development trend and problems.
2. Aim & Objectives
My aim in this project is to give a comprehensive overview of the smart grid, and to design and build a simple smart grid system to help people understand it. At the same time, I will explore the challenges and opportunities of smart grid.
- Collect information and data about smart grids
- Analysis the characteristics and requirements of each smart grid component
- Explore communications, automation, and data operations
- Research on power generation technology algorithms for sustainable energy such as wind energy
- Summarize the development trend and problems
Since the beginning of the 21st century, people have eagerly hoped to solve the local defects of the power grid through electronic communication technology . At the same time, people hope to use a large amount of renewable energy to improve the environmental damage of fossil fuel power stations. More importantly, the increasing attention to terrorist attacks in some countries has led people to call for a stronger energy grid and reduce reliance on centralized power stations that are considered potential targets . Traditional power networks and control measures have been difficult to support so many development requirements. This step by step promotes the further development of smart grids. Nowadays, Europe is an important participant in the development of the world’s smart grid. The starting point of its planning is to support the flexible access of renewable energy and distributed energy, and to provide users with two-way interactive information exchange functions . On this basis, there are still many opportunities and challenges left to the smart grid.
4.1 Work breakdown structure
- Literature Review
1.1. The concept and current situation of power grid
1.2. Smart grid concept
1.3. Smart grid information and communication technology research
1.4. Research on microgrid
1.5. Research on opportunities and problems
- Build smart grid circuits
2.1 Requirements analysis
2.2 Algorithm flow
2.3 Circuit design
2.4 Circuit simulation
3.1. Theoretical Results
3.3. Simulation Results
3.4. Comparison of results
4.1. Progress Report
4.2. Draft Report
4.3. Final Report
4.2 Task descriptions
The research on the background of power grid (WBS 1.1) is to better understand the significance of the birth of smart grid. Further study the concept of smart grid and its communication technology (WBS 1.2-1.3) to lay a foundation for exploring and developing smart grid. By researching the micro grid (WBS 1.4) with mature technology, analysing and adopting key information and technology, we can more intuitively find the development direction of smart grid. Combined with literature review (WBS 1.1-1.4), extract reliable and practical information and analyse the exposed problems and development space of smart grid (WBS 1.5).
Consider all requirements required (WBS 2.1) with respect to the project objectives and use this as a precondition for the development of the grid circuit (WBS 2). The primary underpinning of circuit development is its algorithm and flow (WBS 2.2). Circuit development will use electronic computer aided design tools (ECAD) such as MATLAB and Proteus to include circuit design (WBS 2.3) to ensure correct circuit simulation (WBS 2.4) and function realization. Ultimately, the design will also be tested using ECAD tools to ensure accuracy (WBS 2.5).
Evaluation (WBS 3) will be conducted from theoretical (WBS 3.1) and simulation (WBS 3.2) results. A comparison of the results (WBS 3.3) will determine whether the results are accurate and correct.
The completion of each task will be marked in the progress report, and the results and conclusions will be written into the Progress Report (WBS 4.1) to ensure that the project will be completed within the time limit. The progress report will serve as the basis for the draft report (WBS 4.2). Complete the draft report and wait for the feedback of the supervisor. When feedback is received on the draft report, the final report will be prepared (WBS 4.3).